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After the ProjectsPublic Housing Redevelopment and the Governance of the Poorest Americans$
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Lawrence J. Vale

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190624330

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190624330.001.0001

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Public Housing, Redevelopment, and the Governance of Poverty

Public Housing, Redevelopment, and the Governance of Poverty

Chapter:
(p.2) (p.3) 1 Public Housing, Redevelopment, and the Governance of Poverty
Source:
After the Projects
Author(s):

Lawrence J. Vale

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190624330.003.0001

This chapter provides a brief overview American public housing history, linked to the broader planning history of slum clearance and urban renewal. It steps back to consider the longer history of efforts to define the problem of poverty and its governance. It then traces the evolution of deeply subsidized housing programs, revealing decades of expansion, followed by a more recent contraction. It next introduces HOPE VI, the main federal program of public housing redevelopment, explaining its policy evolution, efforts to combat concentrated poverty, and links to gentrification. It provides a method for categorizing the significant variety of efforts to implement HOPE VI projects, showing that mixed-income housing can be pursued in many different ways, in accordance with divergent aims. By identifying the larger national pattern of HOPE VI deployment in an unprecedented way, it situates the book’s four detailed case examinations in a more holistic context.

Keywords:   public housing, governance, redevelopment, HOPE VI, poverty, neoliberalism, mixed-income housing

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