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After the ProjectsPublic Housing Redevelopment and the Governance of the Poorest Americans$
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Lawrence J. Vale

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190624330

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190624330.001.0001

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After Urban Renewal

After Urban Renewal

Building Governance Constellations

2 After Urban Renewal
After the Projects

Lawrence J. Vale

Oxford University Press

Chapter 2 traces the changing nature of urban governance and participation between the 1940s and the present. It argues that much of HOPE VI variation is rooted in a city’s experience with earlier efforts at slum clearance, urban renewal, and central-city highways. In those cities where past backlashes against perceived excesses in land taking and displacement in residential areas led to lasting citywide movements to prevent this from happening again, there seems to be much greater protection for the poorest citizens under HOPE VI. Instead of more narrowly constructed urban regimes or growth machines focused in public-private partnerships, broader coalitions develop. Using the metaphor of constellations, the chapter identifies four types of poverty governance: the Big Developer, Publica Major, Nonprofitus, and Plebs. Each of these encompasses diverse players in development initiatives, but corresponds, respectively, to a polestar located in the private sector, public sector, not-for-profit sector, or community sector.

Keywords:   urban renewal, slum clearance, highway, displacement, regime theory, growth machine, governance, paternalism, governance constellation, HOPE VI

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