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Food and Public HealthA Practical Introduction$
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Allison Karpyn

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190626686

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190626686.001.0001

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Food Insecurity and Public Health

Food Insecurity and Public Health

(p.171) 7 Food Insecurity and Public Health
Food and Public Health

Molly Knowles

Joanna Simmons

Mariana Chilton

Oxford University Press

Food insecurity—lack of access to enough food for an active and healthy life—is a major public health issue, affecting the health and well-being of one in seven people in the United States. Food insecurity is related to economic, social, and political conditions, and is beyond the control of a single household. Structural inequalities and discrimination against people of color, LGBTQ people, immigrants, people with disabilities, and women drives disparities in food insecurity. Major policy interventions include raising wages, improving the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, various programs of the Child Nutrition Reauthorization, and the Elder Nutrition Program, but these programs are not sufficient to address food insecurity fully. A human rights approach, which recognizes the right to food and promotes increasing civic participation among people from all sectors, offers new possibilities in addressing food insecurity in the United States.

Keywords:   food insecurity, health disparities, social determinants of health, discrimination, life course perspective, community action, human rights

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