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From Chinese Chan to Japanese Zen – A Remarkable Century of Transmission and Transformation - Oxford Scholarship Online
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From Chinese Chan to Japanese Zen: A Remarkable Century of Transmission and Transformation

Steven Heine


This work provides a survey and critical investigation of the remarkable century from 1225 to 1325, during which the transformation of the Chinese Chan school into the Japanese Zen sect was successfully completed. The cycle of transfer began with a handful of Japanese pilgrims traveling to China, including Eisai, Dōgen, and Enni, in order to discover authentic Buddhism. They quickly learned that Chan, with the strong support of the secular elite, was well organized in terms of the intricate teaching techniques of various temple lineages. After receiving Dharma transmission through face-to-face ... More

Keywords: Key words: Zen, Chan, Rinzai, Sōtō, Living Buddhas, kōan, zazen, Hangzhou, Kyoto

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2017 Print ISBN-13: 9780190637491
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2017 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190637491.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Steven Heine, author
Director of the Institute of Asian Studies, Florida International University

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Part I Transnational Studies of Maritime Transfers

Part II Troubling at First, then Turning into the Establishment

Part III Techniques for Attaining and Maintaining Enlightenment