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Handbook of Disability Sport and Exercise Psychology$
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Jeffrey J. Martin

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190638054

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190638054.001.0001

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Individual Barriers

Individual Barriers

Chapter:
(p.303) 28 Individual Barriers
Source:
Handbook of Disability Sport and Exercise Psychology
Author(s):

Jeffrey J. Martin

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190638054.003.0031

Given the low levels of physical activity (PA) among all people it is clear that many individuals are simply uninterested in PA or struggle unsuccessfully to overcome a host of barriers to engaging consistently in PA. People with disabilities face an even greater number of barriers to PA than those encountered by able-bodied individuals. The purpose of this chapter is to document the obstacles faced by people with impairments at an individual level. Often the disability itself can be a barrier. Many disabilities result in chronic pain and produce fatigue; both pain and fatigue can be barriers to PA. Secondary disabilities can also get in the way of PA. Fear of getting hurt, limited energy, lack of time, a limited budget for discretionary income, suboptimal self-efficacy, and a lack of knowledge of opportunities to engage in PA and of how to exercise are also individual-level barriers. In the real world, individual barriers can easily become additive and present a host of obstacles to PA.

Keywords:   individual-level barriers, chronic pain, fatigue, physical activity, self-efficacy, exercise, disabilities

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