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The Place of WordsThe Académie Française and Its Dictionary during an Age of Revolution$
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Michael P. Fitzsimmons

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190644536

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190644536.001.0001

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The Fifth Edition Superseded

The Fifth Edition Superseded

(p.156) 7 The Fifth Edition Superseded
The Place of Words

Michael P. Fitzsimmons

Oxford University Press

The second class of the Institut National had been given the task of preparing the sixth edition of the dictionary. The class had several Napoleonic loyalists, ensuring control of its content, and the regime was eager to see it appear, but Bonaparte abdicated before that occurred. The restored Bourbon dynasty was less concerned about control of language but equally desired to see the project concluded. Turmoil associated with a massive purge in 1816 slowed work, but the Académie completed editing of the dictionary in 1825. Rather than advance the sixth edition to publication, however, it decided to revise the earlier portion and the Bourbon regime fell in 1830 before it was published. The sixth edition appeared only in 1835 and, although it was more current than the fifth edition had been, it elided the Revolution and Empire in many entries through the use of the phrase “at a certain epoch.”

Keywords:   Institut National, Consulate, Jean-Baptiste Antoine Suard, Athénée de la Langue Française, Société Philotechnique, Académie Française, Michel-Louis-Etienne Regnaud

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