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Social Justice through InclusionThe Consequences of Electoral Quotas in India$
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Francesca R. Jensenius

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190646608

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190646608.001.0001

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From Representation to Integration

From Representation to Integration

(p.31) Chapter 2 From Representation to Integration1
Social Justice through Inclusion

Francesca R. Jensenius

Oxford University Press

Chapter 2 provides an introduction to SCs as a group. It presents a historical overview of how quotas became an important policy tool for addressing social injustice in India, and notes primary sources on the initial debates about the design of electoral institutions in the early twentieth century. Tracing the debate on electoral quotas between 1905 and 1950, the chapter shows the gradual shift in focus from group representation to group integration. This was reflected in disagreements about the optimal institutional design for combating the caste system: should SC politicians be elected by SC voters only, or by voters from all caste groups? The latter view prevailed, with quotas explicitly designed to integrate SC politicians into mainstream politics by making it necessary for them to appeal to voters from all caste groups.

Keywords:   Quotas, reservations, Scheduled Castes, Dalits, Poona Pact, Gandhi, Ambedkar, constitutional reform

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