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Social Justice through InclusionThe Consequences of Electoral Quotas in India$
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Francesca R. Jensenius

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190646608

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190646608.001.0001

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Quotas and Development

Quotas and Development

(p.81) Chapter 4 Quotas and Development1
Social Justice through Inclusion

Francesca R. Jensenius

Oxford University Press

The distributive effects of quotas have been much debated. Using census data merged to the state assembly constituency level, chapter 4 examines changes in the overall level of development, and the distribution of resources between SCs and others, in SC-reserved and nonreserved constituencies 1971--2001. Comparison of matched pairs of constituencies shows that the quotas had no detectable constituency-level effect on development patterns. These findings are robust across multiple model specifications, and across constituencies and villages with varying proportions of SCs. It emerges that SC politicians have not distributed more resources to SC voters than have other politicians; further, the quotas for SCs have not negatively affected overall development patterns.

Keywords:   Scheduled Castes, Dalits, India, quotas, reservations, development, clientelism, matching

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