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Social Justice through InclusionThe Consequences of Electoral Quotas in India$
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Francesca R. Jensenius

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190646608

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190646608.001.0001

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A New Political Elite

A New Political Elite

(p.100) Chapter 5 A New Political Elite
Social Justice through Inclusion

Francesca R. Jensenius

Oxford University Press

Chapter 5 investigates the effects of quotas on the political participation of SCs at the elite level, by examining the integration of SCs into mainstream politics. Although India’s reserved constituencies used to be slightly less politically competitive than other constituencies, this is no longer the case. However, there are differences in the rerunning patterns of SC politicians and others, indicating that SC politicians may still be less politically competitive than other politicians. The last section turns to an indirect but important measure of whether SC politicians are truly integrated into the elite: cabinet membership. SCs have gradually become included in cabinets across India in larger numbers, but they are still somewhat less likely to be given such responsibilities, especially when it comes to the top-ranking positions.

Keywords:   Scheduled Castes, Dalits, India, quotas, reservations, electoral competition, cabinet membership

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