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Social Justice through InclusionThe Consequences of Electoral Quotas in India$
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Francesca R. Jensenius

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190646608

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190646608.001.0001

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Trade-Offs in Institutional Design

Trade-Offs in Institutional Design

(p.177) Chapter 9 Trade-Offs in Institutional Design
Social Justice through Inclusion

Francesca R. Jensenius

Oxford University Press

Chapter 9 summarizes the empirical findings and argues that quotas for SCs have played an important role in breaking down the social barriers associated with the caste system. This success is only partial, as SC politicians are still perceived as weaker than other politicians, and they still experience subtle forms of discrimination. However, important achievements have been made: members of this large community that probably would have been excluded from politics have had the opportunity to gain political experience and know-how, and it now appears less socially acceptable to treat SC elites disrespectfully in public. How, then, do these findings speak to other cases? The findings from India demonstrate that institutional design is important in shaping the behavior of political parties, politicians, and voters—but also that a policy that incentivizes integration rather than group representation may produce important effects.

Keywords:   Scheduled Castes, Dalits, India, quotas, reservations, electoral design, electoral engineering, institutional design

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