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The Shadow of the Black Hole$
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John W. Moffat

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780190650728

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190650728.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 26 September 2021

Wormholes, Time Travel, and Other Exotic Theories

Wormholes, Time Travel, and Other Exotic Theories

(p.72) 5 Wormholes, Time Travel, and Other Exotic Theories
The Shadow of the Black Hole

John W. Moffat

Oxford University Press

In 1935, Einstein and Rosen described what is now called the Einstein-Rosen bridge. Wheeler called this a wormhole, which could connect two distant parts of the universe. Thorne and Morris showed the wormhole cannot be traversable unless exotic matter with negative energy props it up. Using the Penrose mechanism of superradiance, one can produce rotational energy from a black hole, which could be used to detect dark matter particles. Higher dimensional objects such as branes in superstring theory have been considered as sources of gravitational waves. Black holes have even been proposed to be giant atoms, related to Hawking radiation and black hole entropy. Bekenstein and Mukhanov postulated that black holes radiated quantum radiation. Many such speculative ideas have been put forth that could potentially be verified by detecting gravitational waves. Yet, many physicists work with mathematical equations, unconcerned with whether their ideas can be verified or falsified by experiments.

Keywords:   Einstein-Rosen bridge, wormhole, superradiance, branes, black hole atoms, Bekenstein and Mukhanov

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