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Robot Ethics 2.0From Autonomous Cars to Artificial Intelligence$
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Patrick Lin, Keith Abney, and Ryan Jenkins

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190652951

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190652951.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 02 December 2021

Challenges to Engineering Moral Reasoners

Challenges to Engineering Moral Reasoners

Time and Context

(p.244) 16 Challenges to Engineering Moral Reasoners
Robot Ethics 2.0

Michał Klincewicz

Oxford University Press

A combination of algorithms, based on philosophical moral theories and analogical reasoning from standard cases, is a promising strategy for engineering software that can engage in moral reasoning. This chapter considers how such an architecture could be built using contemporary engineering techniques, such as knowledge engineering and symbolic reasoning systems. However, consideration of the philosophical literature on ethical theories generates engineering challenges that have to be overcome to make a computer moral reasoner viable. These difficulties include the context sensitivity of the system and temporal limitations on search—problems specific to artificial intelligence—but also difficulties that are direct consequences of particular philosophical theories. Cooperation between engineers and philosophers may be the best way to deal with those difficulties.

Keywords:   robots, autonomous, ethics, morality, engineering, reasoners, utilitarianism, principle of greatest happiness, Kantian deontology, context sensitivity, analogy

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