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The Baluch, Sunnism and the State in IranFrom Tribal to Global$
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Stéphane A. Dudoignon

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190655914

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190655914.001.0001

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From Tribal to Global to … Tribal?

From Tribal to Global to … Tribal?

(p.127) 4 From Tribal to Global to … Tribal?
The Baluch, Sunnism and the State in Iran

Stéphane A. Dudoignon

Oxford University Press

This chapter deals with the history of the emergence, development, triumph and present-day challenges of Deobandi madrasa teaching and of the politicisation of Sunni identity in Iran’s Baluch society, against the socioeconomic backgrounds reconstructed in the volume’s previous sections. It relates, notably, the origins of the Sarbaz nexus. It explores the centrality of the Sarbaz oasis in early modern Iranian Baluchistan; its connexions with the Baluch transnational labour emigration; British and Iranian support to Deobandi teaching during the Interwar period, as a bulwark against Soviet influence and communist ideology; the decisive role played after WWII by intermediary agents in Karachi and Pakistani Baluchistan for the propagation of Deobandi teaching in Iranian territory; and the special connexion of the Sarbazi nexus of ulama with the Isma‘ilzayi tribe and its allies in Baluch society.

Keywords:   Iran, Baluch, Deobandi, madrasa teaching, Soviet influence, Saudi Arabia, Karachi, Pakistan

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