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CommoditiesMarkets, Performance, and Strategies$
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H. Kent Baker, Greg Filbeck, and Jeffrey H. Harris

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190656010

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190656010.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 16 October 2021

Return Characteristics of Commodities

Return Characteristics of Commodities

(p.298) 16 Return Characteristics of Commodities

Dianna Preece

Oxford University Press

The role of commodities in a diversified portfolio has been the subject of research and debate since the late 1970s. Investors can hold the physical commodity or use derivatives such as futures contracts to access commodity exposure. Institutional investors primarily gain exposure to commodities via futures contracts. Commodity futures returns are comprised of a collateral return, a spot return, and a roll return. Research dating back to the late 1970s suggests that commodities should be included in diversified portfolios because they act as an inflation hedge, are portfolio diversifiers due to negative correlation with stocks and bonds, and potentially offer returns and volatility comparable to equities. Commodity performance has been generally weak in the years following the financial crisis of 2007–2008. Many studies find that correlation of commodity returns with stocks and bonds increases during periods of financial stress.

Keywords:   commodities, futures trading, spot return, roll return, commodity futures return, correlation, inflation hedge

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