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Motion and the English VerbA Diachronic Study$
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Judith Huber

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190657802

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190657802.001.0001

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Borrowed PATH verbs in Middle English

Borrowed PATH verbs in Middle English

(p.225) Chapter 9 Borrowed PATH verbs in Middle English
Motion and the English Verb

Judith Huber

Oxford University Press

Chapter 9 analyses the use of the path verbs enter, ish/issue, descend, avale, ascend, mount, and amount in Middle English autonomous texts and translations from French and Latin, focusing on their recurrent contexts and their complementation patterns. It shows that these verbs are borrowed predominantly in specific, often non-literal or manner-enriched senses relating to discourse domains such as administration, military, religion, and the like, rather than being borrowed as verbs for describing general literal motion events. Their application for general literal motion events is shown to be less restricted in translations from French and Latin, in which translators often react to the presence of a path verb in the original by using the same verb in its Middle English form. This and the continued influence of French and Latin after Middle English may eventually have led to a wider application of the verbs in later stages of the language.

Keywords:   borrowing, language contact, translation, metaphorical motion, non-literal motion, manner semantics, Corpus of Middle English Prose and Verse

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