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Occupational and Environmental Health$
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Barry S. Levy, David H. Wegman, Sherry L. Baron, and Rosemary K. Sokas

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190662677

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190662677.001.0001

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(p.259) 12B Vibration
Occupational and Environmental Health

Peter W. Johnson

Martin G. Cherniack

Oxford University Press

This chapter describes vibration exposure in the workplace and its adverse health consequences. Both whole-body vibration and hand-arm vibration are described. The deleterious effects from hand-arm vibration induced by power tools on peripheral nerves and small blood vessels have been documented for more than a century. Whole-body vibration increases spinal load and can contribute to muscle fatigue and deterioration of intervertebral lumbar discs. Neck pain and low back pain are also associated with whole-body vibration from various types of equipment and vehicles. The pathophysiology of various vibration-associated disorders are discussed. Prevention and control measures are described in detail. Control of whole-body vibration rests mainly on primary prevention and selection of appropriate equipment (primarily vehicle and equipment seating) to reduce whole-body vibration exposure.

Keywords:   vibration, whole-body vibration, hand-arm vibration, vibration-associated disorders, pathophysiology, peripheral nerves, blood vessels

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