Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Occupational and Environmental Health$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Barry S. Levy, David H. Wegman, Sherry L. Baron, and Rosemary K. Sokas

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190662677

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190662677.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 23 November 2020

Vibration

Vibration

Chapter:
(p.259) 12B Vibration
Source:
Occupational and Environmental Health
Author(s):

Peter W. Johnson

Martin G. Cherniack

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190662677.003.0013

This chapter describes vibration exposure in the workplace and its adverse health consequences. Both whole-body vibration and hand-arm vibration are described. The deleterious effects from hand-arm vibration induced by power tools on peripheral nerves and small blood vessels have been documented for more than a century. Whole-body vibration increases spinal load and can contribute to muscle fatigue and deterioration of intervertebral lumbar discs. Neck pain and low back pain are also associated with whole-body vibration from various types of equipment and vehicles. The pathophysiology of various vibration-associated disorders are discussed. Prevention and control measures are described in detail. Control of whole-body vibration rests mainly on primary prevention and selection of appropriate equipment (primarily vehicle and equipment seating) to reduce whole-body vibration exposure.

Keywords:   vibration, whole-body vibration, hand-arm vibration, vibration-associated disorders, pathophysiology, peripheral nerves, blood vessels

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .