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Occupational and Environmental Health$
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Barry S. Levy, David H. Wegman, Sherry L. Baron, and Rosemary K. Sokas

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190662677

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190662677.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 23 November 2020

Extremes of Temperature

Extremes of Temperature

(p.271) 12C Extremes of Temperature
Occupational and Environmental Health

Ann M. Krake

Oxford University Press

This chapter covers extremes of temperature conditions, physiological effects, and prevention. All deaths caused by exposure to hot and cold temperature extremes are preventable when proper measures are taken. Described in this chapter are the effects of extreme heat and extreme cold on the health of members of the public, particularly older people and young people, and workers employed in various workplace settings. The differences between heat stress and heat strain are also discussed, as are various regulations governing exposure to temperature extremes. The nature and magnitude of heat- and cold-related conditions and symptoms are described in detail. Final sections of the chapter address various assessment and evaluation tools as well as prevention and control measures. In addition, an appendix describes the hazards related to hyperbaric and hypobaric environments and adverse health effects.

Keywords:   extreme heat, extreme cold, heat stress, heat strain, hypobaric and hyperbaric environments

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