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Occupational and Environmental Health$
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Barry S. Levy, David H. Wegman, Sherry L. Baron, and Rosemary K. Sokas

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190662677

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190662677.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 26 November 2020

Water Contamination

Water Contamination

Chapter:
(p.365) 16 Water Contamination
Source:
Occupational and Environmental Health
Author(s):

Jeffery A. Foran

Amaryl Griggs

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190662677.003.0019

This chapter describes water contamination and wastewater treatment. It reviews the current state of water availability and water quality globally. It describes types of surface water contaminants including metals such as lead, arsenic and mercury, pesticides such as atrazine, industrial chemicals including PCBs and PBDEs, and pathogens such as E. coli and Cryptosporidium. Sources of water pollutants and their effects on humans and the environment are also discussed. Environmental Protection Agency approaches to managing surface water quality under the Clean Water Act and Safe Drinking Water Act are presented as are descriptions of operational approaches to drinking water and wastewater treatment. New approaches to managing water pollution, including source control and pollution prevention, are presented and challenges to the management of water quality, such as climate change, are discussed.

Keywords:   water contamination, heavy metals, pesticides, pathogens, industrial chemicals, Environmental Protection Agency, Clean Water Act, Safe Drinking Water Act, exposure reduction, source control, pollution prevention, wastewater treatment

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