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Occupational and Environmental Health$
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Barry S. Levy, David H. Wegman, Sherry L. Baron, and Rosemary K. Sokas

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190662677

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190662677.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 26 November 2020

The Roles of Government in Protecting and Promoting Occupational and Environmental Health

The Roles of Government in Protecting and Promoting Occupational and Environmental Health

Chapter:
(p.41) 3 The Roles of Government in Protecting and Promoting Occupational and Environmental Health
Source:
Occupational and Environmental Health
Author(s):

Gregory R. Wagner

Emily A. Spieler

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190662677.003.0003

This chapter discusses the roles of government in promoting occupational and environmental health, with a focus on the U.S. federal government. Governmental interventions, as described here, can range from non-regulatory interventions, such as dissemination of information or generation and communication of information, to establishing regulatory requirements through the promulgation and enforcement of standards and regulations. The chapter describes the U.S. laws and roles of the administrative agencies responsible for occupational and environmental health, including the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, the Mine Safety and Health Administration, and the Environmental Protection Agency. Noting the budgetary and political constraints on these federal agencies, the chapter goes on to discuss briefly the role of the public and the states. The government also plays a role when preventive efforts fail, and the chapter provides a brief summary of programs designed to provide compensation to injured workers.

Keywords:   government roles, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Mine Safety and Health Administration, Environmental Protection Agency, regulations

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