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Occupational and Environmental Health$
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Barry S. Levy, David H. Wegman, Sherry L. Baron, and Rosemary K. Sokas

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190662677

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190662677.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 26 November 2020

Addressing the Built Environment and Health

Addressing the Built Environment and Health

(p.695) 34 Addressing the Built Environment and Health
Occupational and Environmental Health

Richard J. Jackson

Oxford University Press

Air, water, and food environments profoundly influence health. Yet, many humans spend most of their time in “built environments”: the structures and places designed and built to surround human existence. These environments range from homes, schools, offices, industrial facilities, roadways, sidewalks, parks, and even vehicles. All of these environments can raise or limit risks to injuries; acute illnesses, such as asthma; and long- term disorders, such as obesity and diabetes. These environments shape economic, social, and psychological well-being—and ultimately planetary sustainability. Designing environments to promote physical activity, including walking, stair climbing, bicycling and other forms of active transportation, is a documented tool for public health improvement.

Keywords:   community design, built environment, active transport, air quality, asthma, diabetes, obesity, injuries, sidewalks, parks, bicycling

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