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Andy Clark and His Critics$
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Matteo Colombo, Elizabeth Irvine, and Mog Stapleton

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190662813

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190662813.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 14 May 2021

Building Inner Tools

Building Inner Tools

(p.113) 9 Building Inner Tools
Andy Clark and His Critics

Robert L. Goldstone

Oxford University Press

Andy Clark has convincingly argued that the tools that we as humans recruit become integrated parts of an extended cognitive system that includes us as just one component. In this chapter, a Reversed Parity Principle is outlined, which can be used to show how humans can “hack” their own minds in order to build inner mental tools, thus changing our existing cognitive abilities in yet another way. The Reversed Parity Principle (RRP) invites a perspectival shift that is potentially as illuminating as the extended mind shift. Whereas extended mind arguments invite us to think of ourselves as broader, wider, and larger than we might otherwise, the RPP invites us to consider the strangeness and otherness that lies within what would normally be considered to be “us.”

Keywords:   extended mind, parity principle, extended cognition, cognitive organization, mental tools

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