Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Bullying, School Violence, and Climate in Evolving ContextsCulture, Organization, and Time$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Ron Avi Astor and Rami Benbenisthty

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190663049

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190663049.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 02 August 2021



Patterns and Interrelationships of Behaviors

(p.29) Chapter 3 Victimization
Bullying, School Violence, and Climate in Evolving Contexts

Ron Avi Astor

Rami Benbenishty

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the definitions of bullying and school violence, suggesting that the use of the term “bullying” needs to be more specific and concrete, referring to behaviors that are intended to cause social, physical, emotional, sexual, or property damage. The chapter presents a wide range of victimization types that vary widely in terms of their prevalence in schools, their nature, and the severity of their impact on victims. It presents factor analyses that examine the relationships among different types of behaviors and reveal six distinct yet interrelated categories: verbal (e.g., humiliating), physical (e.g., pushing and shoving), threats, indirect social (e.g., spreading mean rumors), sexual, and cyber. Additionally, the chapter uses latent class analysis to examine how different groups of students experience multiple types of bullying and school victimization. Four groups (classes) were identified, each with a different profile of student background characteristics.

Keywords:   bullying, school violence, latent class analysis, social victimization, physical victimization, emotional victimization, sexual victimization

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .