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Bullying, School Violence, and Climate in Evolving ContextsCulture, Organization, and Time$
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Ron Avi Astor and Rami Benbenisthty

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190663049

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190663049.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 17 October 2021

Weapons and Schools

Weapons and Schools

(p.69) Chapter 5 Weapons and Schools
Bullying, School Violence, and Climate in Evolving Contexts

Ron Avi Astor

Rami Benbenishty

Oxford University Press

This chapter presents conceptualization and empirical evidence regarding weapons in schools. The chapter suggests that instead of limiting the discussion to mass shootings, scholars need to examine multiple forms of weapons exposure including bringing a weapon to school, using a weapon to threaten or hurt a student, or witnessing a weapon in schools. Distinctions should also be drawn between various types of weapons. The chapter draws attention to the disconnect between the literature on bullying and weapons and discussions of the presence of gangs in school. The chapter also conceptualizes weapons in school from a multilevel perspective, of both student- and school-level. A multilevel analysis of weapons in all high schools in California is used to examine these issues empirically. The chapter discusses implications for policy and practices, such as the need to employ a public health approach and reassess zero tolerance policies.

Keywords:   weapons in school, zero tolerance, mass shooting, gangs in schools, high schools, California

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