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Epidemiology by Design – A Causal Approach to the Health Sciences - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Epidemiology by Design: A Causal Approach to the Health Sciences

Daniel Westreich


As the cornerstone science of public health, evidence-based medicine, and comparative effectiveness research, a clear understanding of study designs is central to the study of epidemiology. Causal inference is increasingly being understood as the theoretical foundation underlying epidemiologic study designs and the science as a whole. This textbook takes a causal approach to traditional introductory epidemiology, through the organizing principle of study designs and the lens of modern causal inference approaches (potential outcomes, counterfactuals, identification conditions). The intended aud ... More

Keywords: epidemiology, epidemiology methods, causal inference, randomized trials, observational cohort studies, case-control studies, selection bias, confounding, missing data, measurement error

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2019 Print ISBN-13: 9780190665760
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2019 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190665760.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Daniel Westreich, author
Associate Professor Epidemiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

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