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Epidemiology by DesignA Causal Approach to the Health Sciences$
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Daniel Westreich

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190665760

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190665760.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 04 December 2021

Other Study Designs

Other Study Designs

Chapter:
(p.187) 8 Other Study Designs
Source:
Epidemiology by Design
Author(s):

Daniel Westreich

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190665760.003.0009

In Chapter 8, the author discusses several other key study designs, including some of the more “traditional” epidemiologic designs, among them case reports and series, case-crossover studies, and cross-sectional studies, as well as several “hybrid” designs that combine aspects of randomized trials with aspects of observational studies—including systematic reviews and meta-analyses, which are observational studies of study results, often including randomized trial results. Also discussed are quasi-experiments, which are themselves a sort of hybrid in which observational data yields conditions close to what we might see in a randomized experiment. The author’s goal for the chapter is to familiarize the reader with general concepts to form a basis for deciding whether such designs may be worth more of study later.

Keywords:   systematic reviews, meta-analysis, case-crossover, case reports, case series, cross-sectional studies, quasi-experiments, hierarchy of the study designs

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