In this chapter I defend an account of how pleasure can be a virtuous or vicious state independently of any connection to overt actions. After a brief overview of what pleasure is, I argue that pleasure is relevant to moral character when it manifests moral concern. I then discuss the relationship between pleasure and concern in more detail and, in doing so, highlight some of the psychological complexities that arise. Finally, I use the account to solve some puzzles about virtuous and vicious pleasure by focusing on schadenfreude, pleasure in the suffering of others, and mudita, pleasure in the success and good fortune of others.
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