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The Addis Ababa MassacreItaly's National Shame$
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Ian Campbell

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190674724

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190674724.001.0001

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Roman Justice

Roman Justice

(p.239) 9 Roman Justice
The Addis Ababa Massacre

Ian Campbell

Oxford University Press

Viceroy Graziani, who had begun to recover in hospital from his injuries, took the opportunity to eliminate Ethiopia’s educated elite in a pogrom of executions orchestrated by a series of tribunals. In Addis Ababa and Ethiopia’s secondary towns. Accused of involvement in the assassination attempt, thousands of Ethiopians were arrested, and the sentence in virtually every case was death. The actual plotters, who constituted only a handful of young men, scattered. Some were arrested; others left the city. Two of the executors of the plot, Eritreans Moges Asgedom and Abriha Deboch, who had been working for the Italians, were tracked down and executed. All young Ethiopians with secondary or tertiary education who could be found by the Italians were executed, as were all the Amhara community leaders, priests and elders across Ethiopia. Graziani’s insistence on eliminating the Amhara notables has been labelled by some scholars as genocide.

Keywords:   Moges Asgedom, Abriha Deboch, Sibhat Tiruneh, Simion Adefris, Young Ethiopians, Ethiopian nobility, Genocide, Deportation

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