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The Addis Ababa MassacreItaly's National Shame$
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Ian Campbell

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190674724

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190674724.001.0001

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The Reckoning

The Reckoning

(p.279) 10 The Reckoning
The Addis Ababa Massacre

Ian Campbell

Oxford University Press

In this chapter the author attempts to resolve several key questions not previously answered by scholars, including identifying those responsible for authorizing the massacre, those who carried it out, the extent of civilian involvement, and the demographics of the victims. Attention is drawn to individuals who attempted to mitigate or stop the massacre. Finally, the author conducts a detailed analysis of the likely death-toll of the massacre, which no historian has previously attempted. Consisting of three independent estimates, the analysis concludes that around 19,200 Ethiopians died in the massacre of Addis Ababa, constituting 19-20% of the population of the city at that time.

Keywords:   Blackshirts, Carabinieri, Regular soldiers, Italian civilians, Alberto Sbacchi, Carlo Avolio, Della Porta, Massacre death toll, Danane concentration camp, Nocra concentration camp

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