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The Addis Ababa MassacreItaly's National Shame$
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Ian Campbell

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190674724

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190674724.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 08 December 2021

The Cover-Up

The Cover-Up

(p.333) 11 The Cover-Up
The Addis Ababa Massacre

Ian Campbell

Oxford University Press

The author describes how the Italian government attempted to deny or minimize the reports of the massacre in the international press. Although the British, American and French envoys wrote detailed reports, they were largely ignored by their respective governments. The British government, in particular wanted to appease Mussolini to prevent him joining forces with Adolf Hitler’s Nazi movement, so they avoided charging Mussolini with war crimes. However, following Germany’s invasion of Poland, which led Britain to declare war on Germany, in 1940 Mussolini declared war on Britain, which meant that Italy was now Britain’s enemy. Deploying Commonwealth troops, Britain invaded Italian-occupied Ethiopia and arranged for Emperor Haile Selassie to leave his exile in England and return to Addis Ababa. Ethiopia attempted to have the Italian officials who had authorized atrocities in Ethiopia committed to trial under the UN War Crimes Commission, but failed due to further obstruction by the British government, which favored an Italian government run by former Fascists as a bulwark against the rising tide of communism in Europe.

Keywords:   Liberation, Sylvia Pankhurst, Italian war crimes, UN War Crimes Commission, Imru Zelleke, Yekatit 12 monument, Eritrea

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