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The Addis Ababa MassacreItaly's National Shame$
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Ian Campbell

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190674724

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190674724.001.0001

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(p.351) 12 Reflections
The Addis Ababa Massacre

Ian Campbell

Oxford University Press

This chapter reflects upon the degree of savagery of the massacre of Addis Ababa, in the context of Fascism’s glorification of war and suffering. The author notes that the techniques of civilian repression tried and tested by the Italians in Ethiopia were subsequently employed in Albania, Greece and Yugoslavia, sometimes by the same commanders who had deployed them in Ethiopia. He also reflects on the fact that although Hitler copied many of the policies and strategies of Mussolini. Yet unlike the Germans, who were taken to task for the excesses of the Nazis, the Italians were never held accountable for the excesses of the Fascists, none of whom were ever sent to trial for the atrocities in Ethiopia, Albania, Greece or Yugoslavia.

Keywords:   Squadristi, Indoctrination, Yugoslavia, Balkans, war crimes, Nazis

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