Chapter 5 explains why the arguments in the preceding chapter fail. On our view, an agent is blameworthy if her behavior manifests an inappropriate degree of moral regard for others. Typically, this involves treating others with unjustified contempt, ill will, or certain forms of indifference. We argue that a perpetrator’s actions may manifest these objectionable qualities regardless of whether he believes that he is acting permissibly, and regardless of whether he is at fault for possessing this belief. This claim is developed in the context of the dispositional account of war crimes presented in Chapter 3, which is particularly well suited to our account of moral responsibility since it stresses the role that agents’ beliefs, goals, and values play in their actions.
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