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Jim Crow NorthThe Struggle for Equal Rights in Antebellum New England$
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Richard Archer

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190676643

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190676643.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 17 April 2021

Riding the Rails with Jim Crow

Riding the Rails with Jim Crow

(p.91) 7 Riding the Rails with Jim Crow
Jim Crow North

Richard Archer

Oxford University Press

New England railroads, segregated transportation, and the origins of the term Jim Crow appeared in the 1830s. The equal rights movement in New England shifted toward direct action in the 1840s. Constituting only a small portion of the overall population, activists could not overturn segregation and racism by themselves. They believed—they almost had to—that most New Englanders were decent people who, when aware of injustice, would want it eliminated. Others might need economic or political persuasion. To counter the discrimination African Americans turned to direct action—sit-ins, boycotts, petition drives, political manoeuvring, and they were successful. One of the first targets was discrimination on public conveyances. The first half of the 1840s were the first years of substantial progress, including the end of segregation on public transportation.

Keywords:   Jim Crow, New England railroads, sit-ins, boycotts, David Ruggles, Frederick Douglass, Charles Lenox Remond

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