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Natural PhilosophyFrom Social Brains to Knowledge, Reality, Morality, and Beauty$
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Paul Thagard

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190678739

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190678739.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 19 June 2021

Philosophy Matters

Philosophy Matters

(p.1) 1 Philosophy Matters
Natural Philosophy

Paul Thagard

Oxford University Press

Philosophy is the attempt to answer general questions about the nature of knowledge, reality, and values. Natural philosophy draws heavily on neuroscience and psychology to develop interconnected theories of knowledge, reality, morality, justice, meaning, and the arts. It uses a procedure that identifies the most important philosophical issues as questions, considers a range of available answers to these questions, evaluates these answers based on coherence with scientific knowledge and other defensible philosophical doctrines, and reaches philosophical conclusions by accepting some answers and rejecting others based on explanatory coherence with evidence and on emotional coherence with human goals. Philosophy differs from science in being more general, ranging across all of the sciences, and in being more normative, concerned with how the world can be made better.

Keywords:   coherence, knowledge, meaning, mind, neuroscience, philosophy, psychology, reality, science, value

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