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The Handbook of Culture and Psychology$
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David Matsumoto and Hyisung C. Hwang

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190679743

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190679743.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 03 December 2021

Culture and Personality

Culture and Personality

(p.401) 13 Culture and Personality
The Handbook of Culture and Psychology

Jüri Allik

Anu Realo

Oxford University Press

In this chapter, the authors discuss the relationship between culture and personality. A standard theoretical position that these two concepts are inseparably entangled is challenged. Understanding of the relationship between culture and personality has developed under the pressure of two opposite principles, one of which postulates that all human beings, regardless of their culture or race, share the same basic psychological and cognitive make-up, and the second, which maintains that everything around us is produced by culture, which penetrates even the deepest layers of the human mind. Because little in nature and especially in culture meet universality criteria in the strict sense, universalism and relativism are not two mutually excluding alternatives. Universal and culture-specific aspects of personality and psychopathology are discussed. Although personality psychology has been very fascinated by all kinds of cultural differences and unique details, it has predominantly been the psychic unity of humankind that has emerged from cross-cultural studies.

Keywords:   culture, personality, universality, specificity, dimensions of personality, dimensions of culture, challenges to universality, challenges to relativity, modes of cross-cultural research, replicability of personality data, cross-cultural psychopathology

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