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The Handbook of Culture and Psychology$
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David Matsumoto and Hyisung C. Hwang

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190679743

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190679743.001.0001

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The Role of Emotions in Socialization Processes Across Cultures

The Role of Emotions in Socialization Processes Across Cultures

Implications for Theory and Practice

(p.209) 8 The Role of Emotions in Socialization Processes Across Cultures
The Handbook of Culture and Psychology

Heidi Keller

Oxford University Press

This chapter is based on an inextricable interrelationship between biology and culture that implies that there are universal and specific dimensions of psychological phenomena, including emotions. It is assumed that biological predispositions interact with environmental/cultural influences to shape human behavior and representational systems. After discussing the conceptions of emotions, culture, and cultural environment that underlie the discussion in this chapter, emotion socialization in different environments is presented. First, the Western middle-class child’s learning environment is portrayed before alternative developmental pathways are presented, in particular the rural farming context and some examples from non-Western urban middle-class families. Emotions are especially discussed with respect to their prevalence and centrality in socialization processes and cultural conventions of emotion expression. The author concludes that the evaluation of behaviors and behavioral representations developed in one culture with the standards of another culture is unscientific and unethical.

Keywords:   socialization strategies, emotional expression, focal emotions, psychological autonomy, hierarchical relatedness, children’s learning environment

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