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Dissemination and Implementation Research in HealthTranslating Science to Practice$
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Ross C. Brownson, Graham A. Colditz, and Enola K. Proctor

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190683214

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190683214.001.0001

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Measurement Issues in Dissemination and Implementation Research

Measurement Issues in Dissemination and Implementation Research

(p.229) 14 Measurement Issues in Dissemination and Implementation Research
Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health

Cara C. Lewis

Enola K. Proctor

Ross C. Brownson

Oxford University Press

The National Institutes of Health, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, the CDC, and a number of private foundations have expressed the need for advancing the science of dissemination and implementation. Interest in dissemination and implementation research is present in many countries. Improving health care requires not only effective programs and interventions, but also effective strategies to move them into community based settings of care. But before discrete strategies can be tested for effectiveness, comparative effectiveness, or cost effectiveness, context and outcome constructs must be identified and defined in such a way that enables their manipulation and measurement. Measurement is underdeveloped, with few psychometrically strong measures and very little attention paid to their pragmatic nature. A variety of tools are needed to capture health care access and quality, and no measurement issues are more pressing than those for dissemination and implementation science.

Keywords:   implementation outcomes, measurement, reliability, stakeholder perspectives, validity

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