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Dissemination and Implementation Research in HealthTranslating Science to Practice$
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Ross C. Brownson, Graham A. Colditz, and Enola K. Proctor

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190683214

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190683214.001.0001

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Implementation Science in Health Care

Implementation Science in Health Care

(p.385) 23 Implementation Science in Health Care
Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health

Alison B. Hamilton

Brian S. Mittman

Oxford University Press

Implementation science in health care comprises over 30 years of rich and varied activity that has developed, refined, and applied implementation science concepts, theories, and research approaches. This body of activity has produced valuable empirical findings and has contributed to the continued development of the broader field of implementation science. This chapter describes key stages in the development and evolution of implementation science in health care. It discusses key settings, evidence-based practices, and implementation strategies studied by health care implementation researchers and examines key challenges and future directions in the field. Continued growth in health care implementation science will require expanded attention to sustainment, scale-up, and spread of effective health care practices and attention to the study of routine, naturally-occurring implementation processes in addition to experimental evaluation of investigator-led implementation.

Keywords:   complexity, evidence-based practices, health care, implementation, implementation barriers, scale-up, sustainability

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