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Bulk CollectionSystematic Government Access to Private-Sector Data$

Fred H. Cate and James X. Dempsey

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190685515

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190685515.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 24 January 2021

(p.xxi) Glossary of Acronyms and Abbreviations

(p.xxi) Glossary of Acronyms and Abbreviations

Bulk Collection

Fred H. Cate

James X. Dempsey

Oxford University Press

  • ABIN

    Brazilian Intelligence Agency

  • ACHR

    American Convention on Human Rights

  • ACRI

    Association for Civil Rights in Israel

  • ADC

    Argentine Asociación por los Derechos Civiles

  • AFI

    Argentine Federal Intelligence Agency

  • AFP

    Australian Federal Police

  • American Declaration

    American Declaration of the Rights and  Duties of Man

  • ANAC

    Brazilian National Civil Aviation Agency


    Agência Nacional de Telecomunicações,  aka Brazilian Communications Agency

  • API

    Advance Passenger Information


    Korean Act on Personal Information Protection  of Public Agencies

  • ASIO

    Australian Security Intelligence Organisation


    Australian Transaction Reports and  Analysis Centre

  • Basic Law

    Israeli Basic Law: Human Dignity and Freedom

  • BDSG


  • Bill C-13

    Protecting Canadians from Online Crime Act

  • Bill C-22

    Canadian National Security and Intelligence  Committee of Parliamentarians Act

  • Bill C-44

    Protection of Canada from Terrorists Act

  • Bill C-51

    Canadian Anti-Terrorism Act, 2015

  • BRS

    Brazilian Revenue Service

  • BSFC

    Brazilian Supreme Federal Court

  • BND



    US Communications Assistance for Law  Enforcement Act

  • CAU

    FBI Communications Assistance Unit

  • CBSA

    Canada Border Services Agency

  • (p.xxii) CCP

    Chinese Communist Party

  • CERT

    Cyber Event Readiness Team

  • CJEU

    Court of Justice of the European Union

  • CMS

    Central Monitoring System


    Commission for Oversight of Intelligence  Gathering Techniques

  • COAF

    Counsel for the Control of Financial Activities

  • Communications

    Israeli Criminal Procedure Act (Enforcement  Data Act  Powers—Communications Traffic Data), 2007

  • CNIL

    Commission Nationale de l’Informatique et des  Libertés

  • CRTC

    Canadian Radio-television and  Telecommunications Commission


    Canadian Communications Security  Establishment

  • CSIS

    Canadian Security Intelligence Service


    US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

  • DCAF

    Democratic Control of Armed Forces


    Department for the Integration of activities  developed by the Brazilian Intelligence System


    Directorate of Criminal Investigation and  Interpol

  • DINI

    Peruvian National Intelligence Directorate

  • DND

    Canadian Department of National Defence

  • DOD

    US Department of Defense

  • DOJ

    US Department of Justice


    Data Retention and Investigatory Powers Act 2014

  • ECHR

    Convention for the Protection of Human Rights  and Fundamental Freedoms, aka the  European Convention on Human Rights

  • ECJ

    European Court of Justice

  • ECPA

    Electronic Communications Privacy Act

  • ECS

    electronic communications service

  • ECtHR

    European Court of Human Rights

  • EDPS

    European Data Protection Supervisor

  • EFF

    Electronic Frontier Foundation

  • ETSI

    European Telecommunications Standards  Institute

  • EU Charter

    Charter of Fundamental Rights of the  European Union

  • FAA

    US FISA Amendments Act of 2008

  • FBI

    Federal Bureau of Investigation


    Canadian Financial Transactions and Reports  Analysis Centre

  • FISA

    US Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act

  • (p.xxiii) FISC

    US Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court

  • FOIA

    Israeli Freedom of Information Act, 1998; also US  Freedom of Information Act

  • FTC

    US Federal Trade Commission

  • GDPR

    General Data Protection Regulation of the  European Union

  • GSS

    Israeli Internal Security

  • GNI

    Global Network Initiative

  • HRC

    Human Rights Committee (the UN body that  oversees the implementation of the ICCPR)


    Inter-American Commission on Human Rights

  • IACtHR

    Inter-American Court of Human Rights

  • IAJC

    Inter-American Juridical Committee

  • IC

    Intelligence Community


    International Covenant on Civil and  Political Rights

  • IG

    Inspector General

  • INCB

    Israel National Cyber Bureau

  • IoT

    Internet of Things

  • IP

    Internet Protocol

  • IPP

    Information Privacy Principle

  • ISA

    Israeli Security Agency (aka “Shin Bet” or  “Shabak”)

  • ISP

    Internet Service Provider

  • ISAA

    Israeli General Security Service Act, 2002

  • ISU

    Integrated Security Unit

  • MLAT

    Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty

  • MND

    Canadian Minister of National Defence

  • Mossad

    Israeli Foreign Intelligence

  • MPS

    Canadian Minister of Public Safety; also Chinese  Ministry of Public Security


    National Intelligence Grid

  • NDA

    Canadian National Defence Act

  • NSA

    National Security Agency

  • NSL

    National Security Letter


    Office of the United Nations High Commissioner  for Human Rights

  • PAA

    US Protect America Act of 2007

  • PCC

    Privacy Commissioner of Canada


    US Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board

  • PIPA

    Korean Personal Information Protection Act


    Personal Information and Protection of  Electronic Documents Act

  • PNR

    passenger name record

  • PPA

    Israeli Privacy Protection Act, 1981

  • (p.xxiv) PSC

    Public Safety Canada

  • RCMP

    Royal Canadian Mounted Police

  • RCS

    Remote Computing Service

  • RFPA

    US Right to Financial Privacy Act

  • SCA

    US Stored Communications Act

  • SCC

    Supreme Court of Canada

  • SIRC

    Canadian Security Intelligence Review  Committee


    Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial  Telecommunications

  • Telecommunications Act

    Israeli Telecommunications Act

  • TIA

    Total Information Awareness (later renamed  “Terrorism Information Awareness”)

  • TPP

    The Privacy Projects

  • TSP

    Terrorist Surveillance Program; also  telecommunications service provider

  • VoIP

    Voice over Internet Protocol

  • Wiretap Act

    Israeli Wiretap Act, 1979