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The Chemistry of WineFrom Blossom to Beverage and Beyond$
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David R. Dalton

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190687199

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190687199.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 26 October 2021

Grapevine from Hardwood Cuttings

Grapevine from Hardwood Cuttings

4 (p.14) Grapevine from Hardwood Cuttings
The Chemistry of Wine

David R. Dalton

Oxford University Press

Rooted plants can often be obtained and transferred from one environment into another either in order to increase the number of vines producing a specific grape in a vineyard or to introduce a new variety or propagate a new cultivar. It has been found that some vines can be grown from hardwood cuttings. The technique of hardwood cutting involves removing a cane (Figure 4.1, a and b) from a successful vine once the vine has gone dormant for the winter, trimming it appropriately, and then planting it in well-fertilized soil either with or without growth stimulants (i.e., phyto-hormones, vide supra). It is clear that the conditions of planting, reported by various sources, are a function of variety and terroir. Interestingly, it appears that the cutting, which may have been grown on a rootstock different from the variety of grape produced, will produce roots that are true to the variety of grape. Once the vine, from seed, grafting, or cane begins to grow, it must be “trained” so that its growth can be monitored and successful grape crops harvested. The training includes proper spacing of vines and the establishment of a trellis system or posts for each vine. Trellis systems are set up during the first or second year of the growth of the vine since harvesting of grape crops before the third year is rare. The trellis, which will need to bear the weight of the vine and grapes, is built much like a fence. Thus, the row of grape vines is held up by end posts at the end of the row and line posts about 20 feet apart between the ends. Usually, there is a line post for every two or three vines with some species needing more space than others. Generally the end posts are thick treated wood, concrete, or steel and are strongly anchored. The line posts are thinner, and the trellis itself is made of twelve (12) gauge or heavier wire with the number of wires a function of the weight to be supported and the height to which the grapes are to be grown.

Keywords:   cultivars, cuttings, hardwood, hardwood cuttings, rootstock, trellis systems

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