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Asymmetrical NeighborsBorderland State Building between China and Southeast Asia$
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Enze Han

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190688301

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190688301.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 20 October 2021

The Historical Pattern of State Formation in Upland Southeast Asia

The Historical Pattern of State Formation in Upland Southeast Asia

(p.36) 3 The Historical Pattern of State Formation in Upland Southeast Asia
Asymmetrical Neighbors

Enze Han

Oxford University Press

Chapter 3 introduces the historical background of the upland Southeast Asia borderland area. It analyzes how the upland area and its people were perceived by valley states and attempts made by those states to approach them militarily and politically. It examines existing historiographies coming from the perspectives of the Chinese, Myanmar, and Thai states, paying attention to how those states used a variety of means—military, political, and economic—in their efforts to deal with the mosaic of people living in the upland area. It also considers the perspectives of the upland people themselves in terms of how they viewed their relations with those valley states, if such accounts are available. The purpose of the chapter is to put this borderland area in a historical perspective, while emphasizing the overall lack of state and national consolidation of the territories and people before the modern period.

Keywords:   upland Southeast Asia history, Tai principalities, Shan states, colonial transformations, pre-WWII state consolidation

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