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Asymmetrical NeighborsBorderland State Building between China and Southeast Asia$
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Enze Han

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190688301

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190688301.001.0001

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Communist Revolutions at the Borderland

Communist Revolutions at the Borderland

(p.72) 5 Communist Revolutions at the Borderland
Asymmetrical Neighbors

Enze Han

Oxford University Press

Chapter 5 examines China’s support for communist insurgencies in Burma and Thailand. It analyzes the legacies of the insurgency by the Communist Party of Burma and what that insurgency means for Myanmar’s failure in state building and consolidation over the borderland territories. In Thailand, the Communist Party of Thailand insurgency instilled a strong sense of urgency in the Thai government, which led to a counteractive campaign of state and nation building by the Thai government. The Thai nationalist emphasis on nation, king, and religion and the image of royal benevolence was imposed and spread throughout the area as a result. In China’s own case, the initiation of the Cultural Revolution resulted in large numbers of urban Red Guards being sent to the borderland areas in Yunnan. Through the settlement of Han Chinese youth in the borderland area, the Chinese state created a human dimension in its consolidation of the border region.

Keywords:   Communist Party of Burma, Communist Party of Thailand, Cultural Revolution, Cold War Southeast Asia, communist insurgencies

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