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Adam SmithSystematic Philosopher and Public Thinker$
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Eric Schliesser

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190690120

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190690120.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 09 May 2021

Three Invisible Hands

Three Invisible Hands

(p.234) 10 Three Invisible Hands
Adam Smith

Eric Schliesser

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the three versions of the invisible hand mentioned by Adam Smith in light of each other. It offers detailed contextual analysis in order to argue that Smithian invisible hand processes are not identical to Smithian social explanations. Any given iteration of a Smithian invisible hand process is a relatively short-term process in which an agent produces unintended and, to him or her, unknown consequences. In invisible hand processes the consequences are, in principle, knowable to the right kind of observer (either theoretically informed or by accumulated common sense) at the time. By contrast, Smithian social explanations involve cases where the consequences are visible or knowable only after the fact. Generally they take place over much longer amounts of time than any given invisible hand process. Smithian social explanations can include invisible hand processes as sub-components (or mechanisms) but should not be conflated with these.

Keywords:   Adam Smith, invisible hand, Smithian social explanation, consequences, unintended

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