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GṛhasthaThe Householder in Ancient Indian Religious Culture$
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Patrick Olivelle

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190696153

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190696153.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 22 January 2021

Gāhāvaï and Gihattha

Gāhāvaï and Gihattha

The Householder in the Early Jain Sources

(p.75) 5 Gāhāvaï and Gihattha

Claire Maes

Oxford University Press

This chapter brings the evidence presented in the early Jain sources in conversation with Stephanie Jamison’s discovery that the Sanskrit term gṛhastha is a neologism in the Dharmaśāstra texts. It shows how gihattha, the Ardhamāgadhī equivalent of gṛhastha, is not a common term in the early Jain texts. It argues that determining the exact connotation of the term gihattha can help to date relatively the different layers of the Jain texts. When the term is carrying the Brahmanical ideology of the twice-born householder, then the passage in question must be either contemporaneous with or later than the Dharmasūtras. The chapter further offers a detailed examination of gāhāvaï (Sanskrit gṛhapati), the most popular term in the early Jain sources to refer to householders.

Keywords:   householder, gihattha, gāhāvaï, Jainism, Ācārāṅga Sūtra, Uttarādhyayana Sūtra, Sūrtakṛtāṅga

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