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Invisible Visits – Black Middle-Class Women in the American Healthcare System - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Invisible Visits: Black Middle-Class Women in the American Healthcare System

Tina K. Sacks


Although the United States spends almost one-fifth of all its resources on funding healthcare, the American system is dogged by persistent inequities in the treatment of racial and ethnic minorities and women. Invisible Visits analyzes how Black women navigate the complexities of dealing with doctors in this environment. It challenges the idea that race and gender discrimination, particularly in healthcare settings, is a thing of the past. In telling the stories of Black women who are middle class, Invisible Visits also questions the persistent myth that discrimination only affects racial mino ... More

Keywords: healthcare system, Black middle class, Black women’s health, health disparities, bias, discrimination, Tuskegee Syphilis Study, reproductive health, stereotyping, stress

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2019 Print ISBN-13: 9780190840204
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2019 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190840204.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Tina K. Sacks, author
Assistant Professor, University of California, Berkeley

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