Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Tantric State – A Buddhist Approach to Democracy and Development in Bhutan - Oxford Scholarship Online
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Tantric State: A Buddhist Approach to Democracy and Development in Bhutan

William J. Long


Bhutan’s unique Buddhist-based democracy and economy provides an authentic basis for theoretical and empirical comparison with democracies and economies founded on liberal, Enlightenment principles. Bhutanese Buddhist and Western liberal conceptualizations of the individual “self,” “human nature,” and “the pursuit of happiness”—the building blocks of democratic and market-based economic theory—differ profoundly. Hence, Buddhist and liberal conceptions of what constitutes good government and appropriate economic development diverge in important ways, even though both Buddhist and liberal approa ... More

Keywords: Buddhism, democracy, development, Bhutan, comparative politics, economics, happiness, sustainability

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2019 Print ISBN-13: 9780190843397
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2019 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190843397.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

William J. Long, author
Professor, Global Studies Institute, Department of Political Science, Georgia State University