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The Long CrisisNew York City and the Path to Neoliberalism$
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Benjamin Holtzman

Print publication date: 2021

Print ISBN-13: 9780190843700

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190843700.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 08 December 2021

Patrolling City Streets

Patrolling City Streets

(p.133) 4 Patrolling City Streets
The Long Crisis

Benjamin Holtzman

Oxford University Press

In the late 1960s and 1970s, New York became engulfed in rising rates of crime and the belief among residents that navigating city streets was no longer safe. In reaction to the perceived inadequacies of governmental responses to crime, city-dwellers formed citizen patrols in which neighbors joined together to surveil their residential streets. Businesses and institutions also began to forge their own initiative to deter street crime by hiring private guards to patrol the streets of their districts. These efforts grew alongside one another and reinforced a similar logic about the need for private action against crime. Both helped to perpetuate and ultimately normalize the patrolling of public streets beyond the police. By the early 1980s, however, resident patrols slowly began to fade from the city, whereas the presence and role of private guards expanded, transforming the policing of city streets.

Keywords:   private security, citizen patrols, security guards, policing, incarceration, New York City, neoliberalism, 1970s

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