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Making ChangeYouth Social Entrepreneurship as an Approach to Positive Youth and Community Development$
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Tina P. Kruse

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190849795

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190849795.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 28 November 2020

The Economic Opportunity Gap

The Economic Opportunity Gap

(p.65) 7 The Economic Opportunity Gap
Making Change

Tina P. Kruse

Oxford University Press

This chapter explores the demographic trends in the United States of youth for whom youth social entrepreneurship may be most important, those framed by the Opportunity Gap, conceptualized by the field of education to better explain outcome disparities for youth of color and/or from low-income families. Academic disciplines and the nonprofit sector have embraced this framework and furthered it by identifying the youth “haves” and “have-nots” depending on their access to opportunities of many kinds: educational and economic among them. Youth without, or with fewer, opportunities tend to also lack connections of many kinds that can inhibit their educational, employment, housing, and health outcomes. This, then, is the central concern of this chapter: how can youth social entrepreneurship be part of the solution for disconnected youth?

Keywords:   opportunity gap, disconnected youth, opportunity youth, economic disparity, educational disparity

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