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The Art of Creating PowerFreedman on Strategy$
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Benedict Wilkinson and James Gow

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190851163

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190851163.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 25 October 2021

The Rise, Fall and Resurgence of ‘Just War’ Thinking from Cicero to Chicago

The Rise, Fall and Resurgence of ‘Just War’ Thinking from Cicero to Chicago

(p.97) 6 The Rise, Fall and Resurgence of ‘Just War’ Thinking from Cicero to Chicago
The Art of Creating Power

Beatrice Heuser

Oxford University Press

This chapter reviews Just War thinking from ancient times to the late twentieth century, engaging with the problematic phenomenon of the ‘judicialization’ of war. The phenomenon emerges from the application of the laws of war and international humanitarian law to the conduct of armed operations. This will limit military options, frequently eliminating the technically most effective ones. The constraints on the reasons for, and the conduct of, warfare can be traced throughout recorded European history. UK Prime Minister Tony Blair’s Chicago speech, informed by Freedman’s thinking, did not mark the end of an evolution. Rather, it was the full rediscovery of older traditions that paved the way for further developments in relation to notions of justice and human rights in international politics, and notions of humanitarian action, in particular – even if those developments were uneven and, in some cases, floundered on the rocks of realism.

Keywords:   Humanitarian law, Blair, Freedman, Chicago Speech, Just War, Judicialization of War

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