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Gender and Representation in Latin America$
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Leslie A. Schwindt-Bayer

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190851224

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190851224.001.0001

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Women’s Conditioned Access to Political Office in Mexico

Women’s Conditioned Access to Political Office in Mexico

(p.196) 11 Women’s Conditioned Access to Political Office in Mexico
Gender and Representation in Latin America

Pär Zetterberg

Oxford University Press

Pär Zetterberg points out that whereas women’s legislative representation at the national and subnational level in Mexico has increased dramatically and they have gained nearly 1/3 of seats on party executive bodies, women have done poorly in executive offices. Much of this results from Mexican rules and norms that prioritize long-standing male party backbenchers’ political careers. These challenges persist when examining the institutional consequences of women’s presence in office. Women have to walk a fine line between representing women and responding to formal and informal institutional incentives to protect their own political careers. This has resulted, Zetterberg argues, in a clear gendered division of labor in Mexican politics. Zetterberg highlights that greater democratization and more inclusive formal and informal rules are necessary to change the gendered nature of Mexico’s political system and further incorporate women.

Keywords:   gender, women in politics, Mexico, quotas, democratization

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