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Gender and Representation in Latin America$
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Leslie A. Schwindt-Bayer

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190851224

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190851224.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 20 January 2022

Women, Power, and Policy in Brazil

Women, Power, and Policy in Brazil

(p.211) 12 Women, Power, and Policy in Brazil
Gender and Representation in Latin America

Clara Araújo

Anna Calasanti

Mala Htun

Oxford University Press

Clara Araújo, Anna Calasanti, and Mala Htun explore the obstacles to women’s political representation in Brazil. They argue that the reasons for women’s low numbers in elected office derive from aspects of the country’s political institutions. These include candidate-centered electoral rules, the fragmentation of the party system, and decentralized nomination procedures within political parties. The high cost of political campaigns, and the interaction of incumbency and access to television time for candidates, augment these barriers. Despite their low numbers, women in elected office have worked together through a women’s caucus in Congress (bancada feminina) to promote legislation on women’s rights issues.

Keywords:   women in politics, gender quotas, electoral rules, party systems, Brazil, Dilma Rousseff

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